Northern areas of India, especially areas with high ethnic minority populations seem to have a persistent problem with high neonatal and infant mortality. However, different studies point to very different levels in neighbouring, broadly comparable districts. Whatever the deficiencies of the data, the new National Rural Health Mission has reduction in child mortality as one of its priorities.
Following are some article/papers that elaborate more on the infant mortality situation in India:
Third edition of the State of the world’s vaccines and immunisation focuses on the major developments in vaccines and immunisation since 2000.
This report examines the impact of immunisation on efforts to meet the MDGs, especially the goal to reduce deaths among children under five. It also focuses on over 20 vaccine-preventable diseases and reviews progress since 2000 in efforts to protect populations against these diseases through the use of vaccines. Click here to read the report.
Mortality rate is declining but it is still not enough to meet Millennium Development Goals. India accounts for the maximum number of maternal deaths in the world.(Article and WHO infographic)
The global maternal mortality deaths dropped to 289,000 maternal deaths from 523,000 maternal deaths in 1990. One third of the total global maternal deaths are in India at 50,000 and Nigeria at 40,000 .To read more, please click here. You can also see the WHO infographic.
Study: Capital of India has highest infant mortality rate among other metros
A survey of four metropolitan cities found that Delhi has the highest infant mortality rate. The report, titled ‘Ending Newborn Deaths, Ensuring Every Baby Survives’, was released by Save the Children states that Delhi’s infant mortality rate (IMR) is as high 30 out of 1,000 live births. Delhi’s IMR is higher than Mumbai (20), Chennai (15) and Kolkata (20). According data from 2012 of children who died before their first birthday in Delhi, 64% died within the first 28 days of their birth. The report also talks about the initiatives by the government and challenges in the case study on India.
Maternal mortality rate falls
India’s maternal deaths from childbirth have fallen to more than half. As reported in the Business Standard , the rate of decline over three three-year periods (covering 2003-2012) has been 14-17 per cent. To read more please click here.
UNICEF Factsheet on Infant Mortality
According to a factsheet on the UNICEF India website, there has been a consistent decline in Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) and Under-Five Mortality Rate (U5MR) in India. The rate of decline in current decade is higher than in the previous. At the current rate of decline, India is unlikely to meet the targets for Millennium Development Goal (MDG)-4.
Key points of this fact sheet:
- six states of India though are likely to achieve the IMR and U5 MR target of MDG-4: Tamil Nadu and Kerala in the South, Maharashtra in the West, West Bengal in the East, and Punjab and Himachal Pradesh in the North
- there is a small or no decline in early neonatal mortality rate (ENMR), which hovers at around 30/1000 live births. ENMR is an indicator of quality of perinatal care
- in the last decade, IMR decline in urban areas is much less sharper than in rural areas, narrowing the gap between the rural and urban
- to accelerate progress towards achieving MDG-4 by 2015 there are four areas of concern to address
Read more by visiting this fact sheet here.
Key steps of the National Rural Health Mission for reducing the India Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) and Infant Mortality Rate (IMR)
Below are two articles that talk about the survey data on Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) and Infant Mortality Rate (IMR). This data is available from the Report of Registrar General of India Sample Registration System (RGI-SRS) at three -year intervals.
According to the latest available data, in 2007-2009 the MMR of India was 212 per 100,000 live births. The latest IMR for the country as per SRS 2011 is 44 per 1000 live births.
The Government of India under the National Rural Health Mission is taking key steps by to reduce MMR & IMR in the country. To read more about this, please click on the following links:
State of the World’s Mothers – Save the Children Report
The report published on 7th May states that, “If all newborns in India experienced the same survival rates as newborns from the richest Indian families, nearly 360,000 more babies would survive each year.” It also states that India has the highest number of maternal deaths a year. To read/download the report please click here.
Reducing infant mortality is not expensive
In an editorial published in March by the New Indian express states that simple steps can be taken to protect the life of a new born child and their mother. To read more please click here.
Report on GoI census 2010
The GoI census report on infant mortality can be found here.
India shining or is it at the bottom among Asian peers?
In an opinion piece published recently, the author questions the reality of India’s growth. She states that while India has progressed economically it has still miles to go before it can be called a developed nation. The piece states that the Indian economy in the past seven decades has certainly grown rapidly. From a 3.5% Hindu rate of growth until the 80’s to a 5% growth in the 80’s to 6% in 90’s to 8% in the 2000s, but does that mean economic development. To read more please click here.
Infant mortality rate can be brought down by 10%
The article states that feeding a newborn with breast milk within 6-8 hours of birth is essential as it helps reduce the infant mortality rate by over 10% annually. This was revealed by a study conducted by the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3) in 2011. To read more please click here.
Aim to cut maternal mortality ratio: Govt
India is targeting to cut maternal mortality ratio by a quarter to 150 per 1,00,000 live births by 2015, Health and Family Welfare Minister Ghulam Nabi Azad told Rajya Sabha Tuesday.Some states like Kerala, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal and Gujarat have already achieved the target of maternal mortality ratio of 150 per 1,00,000 live births while some others like Haryana, Punjab and Karnataka are almost going to achieve the target. However, states like Assam, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand and Orissa are lagging behind. To read more please click here.
16.8 lakh children under five in India died of infectious diseases in 2010
More than 16.8 lakh children below five years died of infectious but preventable diseases in India in 2010 and more than half of them could not complete the first month of their life, a new study has claimed. Of the total deaths, 52 per cent or about 0.875 million were among the children who died in the first 28 days of their life, according to the study published in The Lancet on Thursday.(10 May 2012). To read more please click here.
India’s infant mortality worse than neighbours: Azad
Published on 20th March 2012, the article reported that health minister Ghulam Nabi Azad on Tuesday told parliament that India’s situation is worse than most of its neighbours. “In India, the infant mortality rate (IMR) is 47 per thousand live births which translates into 12.5 lakh infant deaths per year” he said. To read more click here
UN-DESA Data revealed Higher Female Infant Mortality Rate in India
Published in January 2012, the article states that United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN-DESA) data for 150 countries over 40 years showed that India and China are the only two countries in the world where female infant mortality is higher than male infant mortality in the 2000s. To read more click here.
Infant mortality rate India’s enduring shame
Published 30th March 2012, the article states that over 400,000 newborns die within the first 24 hours of their birth every year, the highest anywhere in the world. The economic boom being experienced by India masks a shameful failure to control a shocking rate of infant deaths among the country’s poorest. To read more click here.
India’s infant mortality rate reduces to 47 per 1000 live births in 2010
Published in February 2012 the article states that India’s infant mortality rate (IMR) has dropped furtherby 3 points from 50 to 47 infant deaths per 1000 live births during 2010, an official statement said here today, quoting the latest Sample Registration System (SRS) bulletin, December 2011 released by the Registrar General of India (RGI). To read more click here.
MP, UP, Odisha recorded the highest infant mortality despite National Infant Mortality Rate Reduced
The article has the latest figures from the latest Sample Registration System (SRS) bulletin, December 2011 released by the Registrar General of India (RGI), for all states. To read more click here.
Surviving Infancy – Infant Mortality in India
Published in 2011, the article states that The fight to reduce infant and maternal mortality in India has been largely unsuccessful because of chronic poverty and a weak public health care system. The situation has, however, improved in the past few years as the government began to spend more money on and started paying more attention to the public health care system. India’s infant mortality rate (IMR) fell 3 points in 2009 to rest at 50, according to data released by the Registrar General of India on January 25. to read more click here.
Breast feeding cuts infant mortality by 10 per cent: AIIMS
Published in August 2011, the article states that “Major causes of infant mortality are pneumonia and diarrhoea that are very much preventable. Breast feeding protects the infants against the diseases and also boosts their immune system,” said Dr Vinod Paul, head of paediatrics department at AIIMS.To read more click here.
UN Report Lauds Bihar’s Efforts to Reduce Infant Mortality
Published in February 2012, the article states that Infant mortality rate in Bihar, one of India’s poorest states, is declining, according to a UN report.
The report has credited the state’s better infrastructure development in the sectors including health, roads and electricity for saving lives of newborns.
“Between 2008 and 2009, this (IMR) fell from 56 to 52 per live 1,000 births – only just above the national average,” says the assessment report by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), the Asian Development Bank and the United Nations Development Programme. To read more click here.
India likely to miss MDG on reducing under-five deaths:Experts
Published in July 2011, the article states that despite the latest Sample Registration System data showing a decline in infant mortality rate, India is likely to miss the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) on reducing under-five deaths. To read more click here.