Access to potable water in India has increased strongly over the past decade but a 2007 study from the Asian Development Bank reported that no major Indian city distributes clean water for more than a few hours a day. In rural areas the contamination of rivers and wells is an increasing problem caused in part by the rapid depletion of the ground water table.
Following are some articles that elaborate on the water situation in the country.
During the last election cycle, now Prime Minister Narendra Modi ran a campaign to clean drinking water and invest funds into sanitising the famous Ganges river. A plan has been proposed to have funding over a five and ten year period.According to an article published in Bloomberg, India plans to invest 1,3 billion$ into a system of sewage treatment plant along the Ganges river with the aim to clean the water for 118 towns along the banks. A new law is also planned which should allow the government to prosecute people and corporations who spill toxins in the river.Water drainage during storms or the monsoons remain an issue since many cities find themselves flooded due to poor drainage systems. This also is a major public health issue since it provides a breeding ground for mosquitoes which are vectors of malaria and dengue fever. Tests of a new drainage system is being conducted in Coimbatore, but despite funds allocated to build the new infrastructure, final work was never done due to political disagreement and corruption.
Strategic Plan 2011 – 2022: Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India
The government of India has released its strategic plan to ensure drinking water in rural areas. To read the plan please click here.
Drinking water beyond rural India’s reach: NSSO
The article in the Business Standard published earlier this month stated that over half the households in the country have no access to drinking water. Reporting on the results of the survey conducted by the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO), it stated that in urban areas, 23 per cent of households had no access to potable water at homes in 2012. To read more please click here.
Household access to safe drinking water
A survey conducted by the government of India is available on its website here.
India’s water woes
In an article published by the New York Times stated that half of the water supply in rural areas in India, is routinely contaminated with toxic bacteria. Employment in manufacturing in India has declined in recent years, and a prime reason may be the difficulty companies face getting water. To read more please click here.
Rs.15,260 crore for drinking water ministry
Rs.15,260 crore ($2.77 billion) has been allocated to the ministry of drinking water and sanitation to expand and improve drinking water supply in the country. To read more please click here.
Background paper by WaterAid on drinking water quality in India
The paper released by WaterAid is a comprehensive overview of the situation in India. It states that eighty per cent of our drinking water needs are met by groundwater, which is depleting at an alarming rate, compounded with large scale contamination. To read the report please click here.
Report of the Working Group on Rural Domestic Water and Sanitation
The Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation(MDWS), administers the National Rural Drinking Water programme (NRDWP) was established in 2009. The working report for the twelfth five year plan can be found here. The plan is aimed at strengthening systems which will enable rural households to have access to safe water supply
MDG target number 7 has been met, reports WHO and UNCIEF
According to a report issued in 2012, the world has met the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) target of halving the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water, well in advance of the MDG 2015 deadline. Between 1990 and 2010, over two billion people gained access to improved drinking water sources, such as piped supplies and protected wells. To read the report please click here.
Drinking water quality in India
If we look at the present scenario, we are leading towards crisis. About 85 % of rural population in India is solely depended on ground water, which is depleting at a fast rate. In the urban areas though about 60% of the population is depended on surface water sources, the availability and quality are questionable. For more information please click here