The history of polio in India
India and the prevailing use of OPV
The RI campaign was part of the polio endgame in India – ensuring that vaccination against the poliovirus reached everyone, everywhere. Making India polio-free depended on this, as just one case can lead to a resurgence of the disease in communities where immunisation levels are low.
IPV vs OPV
The polio vaccine being administered in India, which has been declared polio-free since 2014. However, infrastructural problems within India’s public health system and inequality between its states have resulted in many disease eradication targets since being missed.