Quitting smoking is not only good for women’s lung health. Research suggests it also reduces their risk of developing bladder cancer.
Researchers in the United States have found that quitting smoking reduces the risk of developing bladder cancer by 25 percent in the first ten years, with the risk continuing to decline thereafter. The study analysed 143,279 women, of whom 40.2 percent were former smokers and 7.1 percent smoke currently.
“Bladder cancer is a fairly rare cancer type,” said Yueyao Li, a PhD candidate from Indiana University’s School of Public Health. However, she adds, “it is the most common malignancy of the urinary system, with high recurrence rate and significant mortality.”
“The latest findings concerning bladder cancer give India’s women extra incentive to kick the habit for the benefit of not only their lungs, but their urinary tract”
As was reported last year, the incidence of bladder cancer is dropping in western countries, but rising in India. An estimated 430,000 new cases of the disease were diagnosed worldwide in 2012, of which less economically developed countries accounted for sixty percent. In addition, these countries account for half of bladder cancer deaths.
In India, 28.6 percent of adults smoke. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 14.2 percent of adult tobacco users in India are female. The latest findings concerning bladder cancer give India’s women extra incentive to kick the habit for the benefit not only of their lungs, but their urinary tract.
“Smoking is a well-established risk factor for bladder cancer,” Li notes. For the sake of their health, India’s women should take note.