According to this article, the most successful vaccinations for diseases include:
Measles is one of the leading causes of death among young children . In 2013, there were 145 700 measles deaths globally – about 400 deaths every day or 16 deaths every hour.Measles vaccination resulted in a 75% drop in measles deaths between 2000 and 2013 worldwide.
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Polio, or poliomyelitis, is a crippling and potentially deadly infectious disease. It is caused by the poliovirus. The virus spreads from person to person and can invade an infected person’s brain and spinal cord, causing paralysis .Polio cases have decreased by over 99% since 1988, from an estimated 350 000 cases then, to 416 reported cases in 2013. The reduction is the result of the global effort to eradicate the disease with the help of the vaccines.
There are two types of vaccine that protect against polio: Inactivated Polio Vaccine (IPV) and Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV). In 2014, only 3 countries (Afghanistan, Nigeria and Pakistan) remain polio-endemic, down from more than 125 in 1988.
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Tetanus is an acute, often-fatal disease of the nervous system that is caused by nerve toxins produced by the bacterium Clostridium tetani.According to statistics from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, fewer than 51 cases of tetanus per year have been reported along .
Several vaccines are used to prevent tetanus among children, adolescents, and adults including DTaP, Tdap, DT, and Td.
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Smallpox is a contagious, disfiguring and often deadly disease that has affected humans for thousands of years.
Smallpox vaccine, the first successful vaccine to be developed, was introduced by Edward Jenner in 1798.Naturally occurring smallpox was eradicated worldwide by 1980 the result of an unprecedented global immunization campaign.
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