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Most Indian’s still do not have access to modern sanitation: for example, rural sanitation coverage was estimated to have reached only 21% by 2008 according to the UNICEF/WHO joint monitoring programme. There continue to be a number of innovative efforts to improve sanitation including the community led Total Sanitation Campaign and the monetary rewards under the Nirmal Gram Puraskar.
Following are some articles and resources that elaborate further on the sanitation situation in India.
School , Sanitation and Hygiene Education in India- a resource book
School Water and Sanitation Towards Health and Hygiene (SWASTHH) was born to spearhead School Sanitation and Hygiene Education (SSHE) in the country .This book is meant for managers and trainers involved in school sanitation and hygiene education (SSHE) programmes operating at different levels, such as state, district or block level. It was developed in the context of the SWASTHH programme in India and it provides many guidelines and activities.
Presentation on Sanitation in India
This is a presentation prepared By Parth V. Purohit and Saunil Arora which looks at the different types of wastes, key statistics and the National Level Sanitation performance. To look at the presentation , click here.
Sanitation, Health and Hygiene in India
This article mentions some interesting statistics on sanitation in India. It also talks about how public health education campaigns on simple tools such as hand washing can help to improve health and hygiene in India. To read this article , click here.
Centre clears sanitation and rural water supply project
The centre has cleared a project to improve the situation of sanitation and water supply in rural areas in the states of Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh. This project will be implemented with the help of the World Bank. To read more please click here.
The great Indian sanitation crisis
The article published by Live Mint earlier this year reported on the survey conducted by the National Sample Survey Organisation. It states that that less than half of Indian households had a toilet at home; there were more households with a mobile phone than with a toilet. To read more please click here.
Poor Sanitation, Not Malnutrition, May Be to Blame for India’s Notoriously Stunted Children
As published by TIME, the report states that poor sanitation facilities in rural India have led to the stunting of growth in children in the country. To read more please click here.
Sanitation in Rural India and Karnataka – How has the needle moved?
Pavan Srinath on his blog the Transition State, looks at the status of sanitaton in rurla India and Karnataka. According to the post–Kerala, Manipur, Mizoram and Sikkim are states that are ahead of the rest on rural toilet ownership. States like Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Sikkim and Goa have improved the most in toilet ownership between 2001 and 2011. Also noted is that relatively well-off states like Tamil Nadu and Karnataka actually fall below the national average, with Andhra Pradesh barely doing better. To read more please click here.
Inadequate Sanitation Costs India Rs. 2.4 Trillion (US$53.8 Billion)
In a joint report published by the WSP(Water and Sanitation Programme), the ADB, AusAID, UKaid has stated that the inadequate sanitation adversely effects the economic growth in the country. To read more please click here.
Sanitation and hygiene services almost nil in India
As reported by the Hindu,as many as 4,861 of 5,161 cities across the country do not have even a partial sewerage network. The statistics are based on a survey conducted across the country by Dasra, a strategic philanthropy foundation. To read more please click here.
22 states to miss universal household sanitation target of 2012
Government of India had set a target of universal household sanitation coverage by 2012 when it launched its flagship Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) in 1991.The scheme is being implemented in 606 districts of 30 States and Union Territories. But, a recent review report says that 22 states will not be able to meet the target. In fact, only five States – Tripura, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala and Mizoram – will be able to meet the 2012 target, says the report ‘A Decade of the Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC)’, brought out by the World Bank’s Water and Sanitation Programme and the Ministry of Rural Development. For more information click here
Urgent need for sanitation in India: A step towards better healthcare
India has a population of almost 1.2 billion people. 55% of this population (nearly 600 million people) has no access to toilets. Most of these numbers are made up by people who live in urban slums and rural areas. A large populace in the rural areas still defecates in the open. Slum dwellers in major metropolitan cities, reside along railway tracks and have no access to toilets or a running supply of water. The situation in urban areas in terms of scale is not as serious as rural areas. For more information click here.
UN report spotlights India sanitation problems
The entire Indian population has greater access to mobile phones than toilets, according to a recent United Nations study.Highlighting the country’s hazardous sanitation issues, a study conducted by the United Nations University said, only 366 million people (36% of the population) had access to proper sanitation in 2008. Click here for more information.
Public Sanitation – A hazard not so trival
Poor sanitation is something that not only affects the health of the people of the country, but also affects the development of the nation. In fact, women are most affected by the hazards of lack of proper sanitation. For instance, in India majority of the girls drop out of school because of lack of toilets. Only 22% of them manage to even complete class 10. On economic grounds, according to the Indian Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, more than 12 billion rupees is spent every year on poor sanitation and its resultant illnesses. For more information click here.
Enhanced quality of life through sustained sanitation
This paper was presented by India at the fourth sanitation conference in Sri Lanka. The full paper can be read here.
Sanitation in Indian Cities: A neglected issue
A survey, published by the Urban Development ministry shows how basic infrastructure, especially sanitation, cannot keep up with the fast growth of Indian cities.The survey examined 1405 cities in 12 different States and found out that around 50% of these cities don’t have a proper water supply system. Even if the households have access to piped water in around 80% of these households the average supply is less than five hours per day. Concerning sanitation the numbers are even worse: Over 70% of the households in the analyzed cities don’t have access to toilets or a sewerage system. Almost 60% of the world’s population who has to rely on open defacation lives in India, but this number also includes many people in rural areas. To read more click here.
India’s sanitation for all: How to make it all happen
This discussion paper examines the current state of sanitation services in India in relation to two goals—Goal 7 of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which calls on countries to halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without improved sanitation facilities (from 1990 levels); and India’s more ambitious goal of providing “Sanitation for All” by 2012,established under its Total Sanitation Campaign. For more please click here.
India loses Rs 24,000 crore annually to lack of toilets/hygiene: World Bank
In a study ‘Economic Impact of Inadequate Sanitation in India’, conducted by its South Asia Water and Sanitation unit, the multilateral body said premature deaths, treatment for the sick and loss of productivity and revenue from tourism were the main factors behind the significant economic loss. For more information please click here.
Jairam: Total Sanitation in India by 2022
Union Minister for Rural Development Jairam Ramesh on Tuesday informed the Rajya Sabha that it would take 10 years to achieve total sanitation in the country. For more information click here.
Sanitation: India can’t meet target before 2054
Contradictory to the article above, The WHO/UNICEF joint monitoring programme for water supply and sanitation has said that at its present pace, India would take time till 2054 to meet its millennium development goals 2015 on sanitation. Orissa will take the longest time — till 2160 — to reach there, according to a worldwide survey released on Tuesday(27th March 2012). For more information please click here.
“1000 kids below the age of 5 die daily in India”
Around 1,000 children below the age of five die every day in India from diarrhoea, hepatitis-causing pathogens and other sanitation-related diseases, according to the report of United Nations Children’s Fund. to read more click here